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Basics of Popular Operating Systems (Windows, LINUX)


Windows Operating System

Windows operating system is developed by Microsoft Corporation. It provides Graphical User Interface (GUI), multitasking capability to users. It also provides virtual memory management and several peripheral devices. According to statistics, about 90% of computers have migrated to Windows operating system.

Windows Operating System

Versions of Windows Operating System

Windows Server VersionCode NameLaunch DateKernel VersionCPU SpeedMin DiskMin Memory
Windows for Workgroups 3.1SpartaOct-923.125 MHz10.5 MB3 MB
Windows for Workgroups 3.1SnowballNov-933.1125 MHz10.5 MB3 MB
Windows for NT 3.1 Advanced ServerNT OS/2Aug-93NT 3.1025 MHz90 MB16 MB
Windows for NT 3.5 ServerDaytonaSep-94NT 3.525 MHz90 MB16 MB
Windows for NT 3.51 ServerDaytonaJun-95NT 3.5125 MHz90 MB16 MB
Windows for NT 4 ServerCairoJul-96NT 4.033 MHz150 MB32 MB
Windows 2000 ServerJanusFeb-00NT 5.0133 MHz1000 MB128 MB
Windows Server 2003WhistlerApr-03NT 5.2400 MHz1500 MB512 MB
Windows Server 2003 R2R2Mar-06NT 5.2400 MHz1500 MB512 MB
Windows Server 2008LonghornFeb-08NT 6.01000MHz20,000MB512 MB
Windows Server 2008 R2Server 7Oct-09NT 6.11400MHz32,000MB512 MB
Windows Server 2012Server 8Sep-12NT 6.21400MHz32,000MB512 MB
Windows Server 2012 R2BlueOct-13NT 6.31400MHz32,000MB512 MB
Windows Server 2016RedstoneSep-16NT 10.01400MHz32,000MB512 MB

Linux Operating System

Linux is a multitasking operating system that supports various users and numerous tasks. It is open source, i.e., code for Linux is available for free of cost. Linux can run on any computer and support almost any type of application. Linux uses command-line interface. It also supports windows based GUI environment, called "shells". The most popular Linux vendors are Red Hat and Novell. Some of the Linux versions include Ubuntu, Fedora, Linux Mint, etc.


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