In his famous book Hind Swaraj (1909) Mahatma Gandhi declared that British rule was established in India with the cooperation of Indians, and had survived only because of this cooperation. If Indians refused to cooperate, British rule in India would collapse within a year, and swaraj would come. Gandhiji believed that if Indians begin to refuse to cooperate, the British rulers will have no other way than to leave India.
Some of the proposals of non-cooperation movement:
- Surrender the titles which were awarded by the British government.
- Boycott civil services, army, police, courts, legislative councils and schools.
- Boycott foreign goods.
- Launch full civil disobedience campaign, if the government persisted with repressive measures.