Describe the physiographic divisions or physical features of India
Describe the physiographic divisions or
physical features of India.
Answer: Physiographic division of India is:
1. The Himalayan Mountains: Geologically young and fold mountains stretch over the northern borders of
India. These are the one of the most rugged mountain barriers of the world.
2. The Northern Plain: It is about 2400km long and 240-320km wide. Formed by interplay of three major river systems - the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahamputra. It is rich in fertile alluvial soil.
3. The Peninsular Plateau: The tableland composed of old crystalline igenous and metamorphic rocks. It is abundant with shallow valleys and rounded hills.
4. The Indian Desert: It lies towards the western margins of the Aravalli Hills and has arid climate with low vegetation cover.
5. The Coastal Plains: These plains are stretched along the eastern and the western edges of the peninsular plateau.
6. The Islands: Two island groups - The Lakshadweep Islands and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.